Immunotherapy Specialist in Aurangabad



Immunotherapy


Immunotherapy Specialist in Aurangabad

Immunotherapy Specialist in Aurangabad- Dr. Viraj Borgaonkar

Dr. Viraj Borgaonkar is an Immunotherapy Specialist in Aurangabad at Krupamayi Hospital. He has more than 15 years of experience in immunotherapy treatments. You can visit Krupamayi cancer hospital in Aurangabad for the best cancer treatment.


What is Immunotherapy?

The use of the body’s own immune system to fight cancer is known as cancer immunotherapy. The immune system refers to the body’s innate defenses against disease. If a microbe enters the bloodstream, for example, it is eliminated by immune system cells.

The immune system has been demonstrated to have a critical role in cancer prevention and treatment. The immune system searches the body for cancer cells and kills them if they are found. Cancer occurs when the immune system fails to do its job. However, many technologies can be used to “boost” the immune system’s ability to combat cancer. The term “cancer immunotherapy” refers to this type of cancer therapy.



How does Immunotherapy work?

Even while the immune system can stop or slow cancer growth, cancer cells have developed ways to avoid immune system destruction. This occurs in most cases because cancer cells:

They’ve undergone genetic modifications that make them less visible to the immune system.

Have proteins on their surface that cause immune cells to shut down.

Change the normal cells in the tumor’s environment so that they obstruct the immune system’s response to the cancer cells.

Immunotherapy works by preventing cancer cells from avoiding the immune system and stimulating the immune system to attack cancer cells.



  • What kind of cancers can Immunotherapy be used to treat?
  • When should immunotherapy be used to treat cancer?
  • How is Immunotherapy administered?
  • Is immunotherapy effective against all cancers?
  • Is Immunotherapy always better than Chemotherapy?
  • Is there any risk of side effects from immunotherapy?
  • How many immunotherapy cycles does the patient require?
  • Is Immunotherapy a Cancer Cure?
What kind of cancers can Immunotherapy be used to treat?

Immunotherapy is currently approved for treatment in lung cancer, melanoma, kidney cancer, bladder cancer, breast cancer, head and neck cancers, and gastrointestinal cancers with solid evidence. More trials are being conducted to see if it can be used to treat a variety of other cancers.

When should immunotherapy be used to treat cancer?

Immunotherapy is currently only advised for advanced/metastatic cancers, and only in specific indications and patients. Immunotherapy is not a replacement for definitive treatment techniques such as curative surgery, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy.

How is Immunotherapy administered?

Immunotherapy is given as an infusion through the intravenous method. It is suggested that it be given under the supervision and guidance of a skilled Medical Oncologist who is experienced in handling the drug, analyzing the response, and managing the effects/side effects.

Is immunotherapy effective against all cancers?

Certain biomarkers, such as PDL1 receptor expression testing and microsatellite instability testing, can be used to predict immunotherapy response. As a result, immunotherapy is not suggested for everyone. Before beginning immunotherapy, speak with your medical oncologist to determine the potential benefit.

Is Immunotherapy always better than Chemotherapy?

This isn’t the case for every patient. Immunotherapy, alone or in conjunction with chemotherapy, may be better in terms of response rates or overall survival in correctly selected patients after thorough biomarker testing as stated above. Chemotherapy, on the other hand, remains the backbone of systemic treatment in other cases of advanced cancers. In other cases, if a sufficient targetable mutation is present in the tumor cell, targeted therapy may be more advantageous.

Is there any risk of side effects from immunotherapy?

Immunotherapy does not have the same adverse effects as chemotherapy, such as hair loss, nausea, and low blood counts. Immunotherapy is, on the whole, well-tolerated. Immunotherapy, on the other hand, has its own set of adverse effects, which might include a flare-up of autoimmune disorders, pneumonia, diarrhea, autoimmune anemia, endocrine dysfunctions, and so on. As a result, before deciding on immunotherapy, always consult with your medical oncologist and discuss your options.

How many immunotherapy cycles does the patient require?

Before we may expect any response, we usually need to administer at least 3-4 cycles of immunotherapy. If the patient responds to treatment, we should continue immunotherapy until the patient benefits and the tumor responds. However, some reports claim that the benefits of immunotherapy might last for a long time even if treatment is stopped after a long period of time. After consulting with your Medical Oncologist, you should make this decision.

Is Immunotherapy a Cancer Cure?

There is currently no proof that immunotherapy can cure cancer. Because immunotherapy is used to treat advanced and metastatic cancers, it is impossible to completely eliminate cancer cells from the body and call it a cure. However, if immunotherapy works successfully, it can give cancer patients long-term progression-free survival and high quality of life.



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