Thoracic cancer refers to any cancer placed in the organs, glands, or structures of your thoracic cavity, or chest. This includes well-known cancers such as lung cancer.
Thoracic cancer symptoms vary based on the particular cancer type and the tissue it affects. In the initial stages, there are often no signs, and as a result, thoracic cancer is more difficult to diagnose until it is at an advanced stage.
When symptoms do occur, they may include:
These signs are also familiar in other conditions, which means that noticing one or more doesn’t mean you have cancer. Some people are also diagnosed without seeing any signs at all. Seeing a physician is the only way to know for sure.
Cancer occurs after accumulated damage to cellular DNA. When genes are damaged, they may mutate. These mutations then cause unusual cell increases that can spread through the body. Thoracic cancers happen when this unusual growth happens in the chest cavity.
Health specialists don’t fully know the cause of any cancer, including thoracic cancer. Biological factors such as genes (some cancers tend to run in families), age, and hormones can contribute to cell damage and improve cancer risk.
For thoracic cancers, lifestyle parts like diet, body weight, and smoking especially play a role. Smoking is connected to 90 percent of lung cancer cases, and also substantially increases the risk of esophageal cancer.
Thoracic cancer covers all cancers happening in the chest cavity, including lung cancers, thymic cancers, and tracheal (windpipe) cancers. Lung cancers are by far the most common type of thoracic cancer.
Some of the most basic chest cavity cancers are:
Non-small cell lung cancer: About 85 % of lung cancers are non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs). These tumors include adenocarcinoma (a type of cancer beginning in the mucus-secreting cells in the lungs), squamous cell carcinoma (a type of cancer starting in the lung’s lining cells), and large cell carcinoma (which can occur in any part of the lung).
Small-cell lung cancer: 10-15 %of lung cancers are small-cell tumors. This type of cancer can start anywhere in the lung and typically grows quickly, making it easier to treat but also more likely to return over time.
Mesothelioma: Mesotheliomas begin in the pleura, peritoneum, or other “lining” tissues in the gastric cavity.
Thymoma (also called thymic malignancy): The thymus is a tiny organ in the chest that sits just under the breastbone and regulates the lymph system (which makes white blood cells). Cancers that happen in the thymus are called thymomas or thymic malignancies.
Other cancers: Breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, and some other cancers arising elsewhere in the body can sometimes metastasize to the lungs or other organs in the chest cavity, causing thoracic cancer.
The most important risk factor for thoracic cancer is smoking. Almost all lung cancers happen in people who before or currently smoke. Small-cell lung cancer, in particular, infrequently happens in people who haven’t smoked.
Exposure to radiation and radioactive materials: previous therapy for other cancers, exposure to radon, and excessive UV radiation all raise the likelihood of thoracic cancer
Workplace exposures: working with asbestos (common in mines, some factories, and shipyards, for example) raises the chance of lung cancer
Exposure to other carcinogens: abundant metals like arsenic, beryllium, and cadmium are also carcinogenic, as are silica, coal, air pollution, and diesel fumes
Family history of lung cancer
Numerous the dangers and factors that increase the risk of thoracic cancer – such as family history, radiation, and air pollution – can’t be avoided completely.
There are still steps you can take to reduce your risk, such as:
Not smoking. Avoiding cigarettes and tobacco goods of all kinds is the best way, by far, to decrease the risk of thoracic cancers.
Using proper protective equipment. Using a mask or another certified protective device to avoid inhaling coal dust, silica, or other known carcinogens can reduce your risk.
Reducing your exposure to toxic substances wherever possible.
Maintaining your overall health through food and regular workout.
Surgery- An operation where doctors cut out cancer tissue.
Chemotherapy.-Using special medicines to shrink or kill cancer. The drugs can be pills you take or medicines given in your veins, or sometimes both.
Radiation therapy-Using high-energy rays (similar to X-rays) to kill cancer.
Targeted therapy- Using drugs to block the growth and spread of cancer cells. The drugs can be pills you take or medicines given in your veins.
Krupamayi is an initiative by doctors who were formerly at the prestigious Tata Memorial Hospital Mumbai. It has been conceived with the objective of providing standardized comprehensive and expert Thoracic Cancer care across the country and is currently functional in five major cities Bangalore, Hyderabad Lucknow, Mumbai, and Pune. All the facets that impact the Thoracic Cancer treatment like the patient’s condition, stage, and biology of the tumor are thoroughly evaluated and management protocols are personalized to assure the best possible outcome to the patient.